Briefing and Debriefing for Sports Beginners

Two crucial components of effective sports instruction are briefing and debriefing. In this blog post, we'll delve into the importance of these processes and provide practical tips on how to conduct them effectively as a sports instructor.


Is a talk we give to our students before they start that days practice. In this talk, we tell our students what we are going to do, what to expect from the session, what the idea for success is and how to achieve it.

How to make a good briefing

  1. Preparation is Key: before the session, plan your briefing. Outline the objectives, goals, and the specific skills or drills you'll focus on.
  2. Engage Athletes: start by welcoming the athletes and creating a positive atmosphere. Ask open-ended questions to gauge their understanding and previous knowledge.
  3. Clearly Define Objectives: clearly state the session's objectives and what you hope to achieve. Be specific about the skills to be developed.
  4. Demonstrate and Explain: use visual aids or demonstrations to clarify techniques and strategies. Break down complex movements into smaller, understandable parts.
  5. Communication is Key: use simple and concise language. Explain the signs and signals you are going to use on the water. Define and show the area in which you are going to sail.
  6. Encourage Questions: invite athletes to ask questions at any point during the briefing. This promotes engagement and ensures everyone is on the same page.
  7. Highlight Safety Measures: emphasize safety rules and guidelines, especially in contact sports. Make sure everyone understands the importance of safety.
  8. Set Expectations: let athletes know what you expect from them in terms of effort, attitude, and teamwork.


Is a talk we give to our students after the practice. In this talk, we give feedback of what we saw during the session. Here are the keys for a good debriefing.

  1. Start with Positives: begin with what went well during the session. Acknowledge achievements and improvements to boost morale.
  2. Review Objectives: go over the session's objectives and ask athletes if they feel those objectives were met. Encourage them to share their perspectives.
  3. Analyze Performance: discuss specific aspects of performance. What worked? What needs improvement? Encourage self-assessment and peer feedback.
  4. Ask Open-Ended Questions: use questions like, "What did you learn today?" or "What strategies did you find effective?" to stimulate discussion.
  5. Offer Constructive Feedback: provide feedback that is specific, actionable, and positive. Help athletes understand how they can improve.
  6. Set Goals: collaboratively set goals for the next session. Ensure these goals are realistic and relate to the overall development of the athletes.
  7. End on a Positive Note: conclude the debriefing with words of encouragement and motivation. Reinforce the idea that improvement is a continuous process.

Remember, effective briefing and debriefing sessions can lead to better athlete engagement, skill development, and a positive learning environment. These practices not only enhance performance but also contribute to the personal growth of your athletes.

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